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The Li Lineage of Acupuncture and TCM

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 李恒著,李鼎审《针灸医道传承》2018 

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The Li Lineage of Acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine

 A Book Worth Reading After "CAM" and "Shanghai Text"

 

This book contains 3 parts. The first part is the Chapter of the Li Lineage, which briefly reviews the more than 1400 years old history of the Li family and also introduces the Li lineage of TCM. Dr. Li’s grandfather Mr. Li Chengzhi was a great Taoist Qigong master. His understanding about the relationship between Qigong and the eight extraordinary meridians clarified the long-term academic chaos in the Qigong field.

       The second part and third part follows the example of Nanjing, containing 81 topics in total. The second part is the Chapter of TCM Fundamentals, which includes 50 topics and covers many questions frequently asked by international students. Those difficulties are not explained thoroughly before, such as: why is the left Yang and the right Yin? How night sweats relate to Yin and Yang? Why is pancreas’ hat on spleen’s head? How to explain the distribution of meridians? How does the Wei-Defensive Qi circulate? 

     The third part is the Chapter of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion, which includes 31 topics. With Li’s typical case studies, this chapter explains Li’s essential principle of acupuncture treatment: ‘Regulating Qi and Tranquilizing the Mind’; Li’s understanding about ‘Arrival of Qi’ in acupuncture treatment; the three layers of needling depth and the clinical application of specific points etc. For the convenience of the reader’s clinical practice, there are 2 annexes at the end of this book: the 50 Most Useful Points for an Acupuncturist and the Innervations of Acupuncture Points.                                 

       There is no doubt that it is a book worth reading after “CAM” and “Shanghai Text”. It will bring readers a rich and colorful Chinese scroll painting, which not only focuses on the difficulties in TCM fundamentals and clinical acupuncture, but also touches the soil of TCM: ancient Chinese history, culture, philosophy and even more.  


Li Heng    MD, PhD   

Adjunct Associate Professor

College of Allied Health Sciences

Augusta University, Georgia

USA

Associate Professor

China International Acupuncture Training Center

Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine

China


Reviewed and Foreword by

Li Ding    Professor

One of the Chief Architects of Modern China’s Acupuncture Education, 1950s

Chinese Author of Acupuncture A Comprehensive Text Shanghai College of Traditional Medicine, 1974

Chief Editor of China National Medical Textbook Science of Meridians, 1982, 1992

Chief Reviewer of ‘Acupuncture Bible’ Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion, 1987

The Constitutor of China National Standard of Acupoints and Meridians, 1990

A Special Allowance Expert by the China State Council since 1992

‘Distinguished Professor’ by Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine

‘Distinguished Shanghai TCM Doctor’ by Shanghai Municipal Government

‘National Distinguished Senior TCM Doctor’ by China Central Government


Translated by 

Han Chouping   

Associate Professor, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China

Reviewer of English Version  

Chen Yemeng  PhD

President, New York College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, USA.   

 

About the Author

Dr. Li Heng is a 5th generation practitioner from a Traditional Chinese Medicine family with 160 years’ history. Dr. Li Graduated with a medical bachelor degree from the Department of Clinical Chinese Medicine, Xinjiang Medical University in 1997. He obtained his medical master and doctorate degrees in 2000 and 2008, respectively, both at the College of Acupuncture and Tuina, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Dr. Li is an associate professor at the China International Acupuncture Training Center, Shanghai University of TCM. As the assistant director of the Center, he took charge of the teaching of International Acupuncture Training Courses from 2000 to 2014. As the reformer of international TCM education, Dr. Li had established the standardized training courses according to the ISO requirements. His related research project won the third prize of Shanghai Educational Scientific Research Achievements in 2011. 

Dr. Li has been teaching more than 2,000 international students various TCM subjects in English since 2000. Invited by foreign governments, universities, and associations, he has been teaching or joining academic exchange in countries such as Thailand, the USA, Norway, Germany, Netherlands, France, the UK, and Australia. 

    Dr. Li followed professor Li Ding to practice TCM in Shanghai Municipal Clinic since 1998, and then practiced independently. He has provided treatment more than 30,000 times to his Chinese and international patients. Meanwhile, he has published 20 TCM research articles and publications in China and also abroad.

As the first Traditional Chinese Medicine instructor, Dr. Li currently is teaching TCM credit courses in the first TCM Confucius Institute in the Americas, the Confucius Institute of Augusta University, Georgia, USA


Foreword 

The history of the Li family in Houren Village, Yong Kang County, Zhejiang Province can be traced back to the Emperor Taizong (599-649) (personal name: Li Shimin) of the Tang Dynasty (618-907), over 1400 years ago from today. Regarding the traditional of practicing medicine, the Hou Ren Li Shi Zong Pu (Li’s Genealogy in Houren Village) recorded that 12 people from the family were notable for their ‘Benevolence in Caring for the Patient’ since the Ming dynasty (1368-1644). My great-grandfather Li Juping (1853-1930) started to study and practice traditional Chinese medicine at the end of the Qing dynasty (1644-1911). This started a history of family medical practice that lasted for more than a century.

Influenced by my father and me, my nephew Li Heng also became a TCM doctor as the 5th generation of Lis in TCM. He has studied both TCM and western medicine in medical schools for 11 years. Through his long-term teaching practice, he has explored and established his original teaching method, which is suitable to the international students and has been highly praising by his students around the world. His teaching also won the prize from Shanghai University of TCM in 2012. Meanwhile, Dr. Li has been practicing TCM in the clinic for 15 years and received much public praise.   

Based on the Li family’s lineage and Dr. Li’s teaching practice, clinical experience and research achievements, he finished this book The Li Lineage of Acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine and published in English, to provide advanced TCM practitioners an original reference book.                             

The efforts of my whole life are to inherit ancient Chinese medicine and make it step into modern time. My nephew is devoting himself to spread Traditional Chinese Medicine form China to the world, which is also our common desire from generations of the Li family.                                                       

              Li Ding

Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine

December 5, 2012.  

  Preface



Through years of teaching practice, I have found international students, especially Western students, have a lot of misunderstanding (even mistakes) in TCM theories. 

With the growing worldwide influence of TCM in the second decade of the 21 century, we think it is absolutely necessary to explain and clarify those difficulties in the fundamentals of TCM from their origins, which will benefit the healthy development of TCM in foreign countries.  

This clarification is greatly supported by my mentor professor Li Ding (1929- ), the top authority in the field of Chinese acupuncture and a famous Chinese contemporary acupuncture educator and physician. Since 1992, Professor Li Ding has received the Special Allowance by the China State Council.

Professor Li Ding, also named Yangyuan, was born in Yongkang County, Zhejiang Province. At a very early age, he was asked to study traditional Chinese culture and medicine by my grandfather, Daoist scholar Li Chengzhi (1909-1987). Professor Li started to learn Chinese medicine from the famous doctor Liu Minshu in 1946, and then he opened his own practice in Shanghai.

In 1956, invited by the government, Professor Li Ding became the first teacher to teach acupuncture at the Shanghai College of TCM. After that, he and his team established the contemporary acupuncture educational frame and system. In 1960,Professor Li and his colleague, TCM master Qiu Peiran(1913-2010), published the first Acupuncture textbook in new China, the book was named Acupuncture Lecture’s Notes

In 1964, organized by the Chinese Ministry of Health, the Outline of Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion (i.e., the first edition of Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion) was published by the People’s Medical Publishing House. Professor Li Ding acted as the chief author. Since then, the Beijing, Shanghai, and Nanjing Colleges of TCM have been using this textbook in international acupuncture training. In 1987, the third edition reviewed by Professor Li was renamed to Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion, which later became the gold standard of international acupuncture training and was dubbed as the ‘Acupuncture Bible’.

    In 1982 and 1992, the China Ministry of Health appointed Professor Li Ding as the chief editor of China national medical textbook Science of Meridians.

In 1989, the State Administration of TCM invited Professor Li Ding to work on the standardization of acupoint locations. In the next year, the national standard Locations of Acupoints was published by Standards Press of China. In 2006,the WHO issued international standards on point locations. Among the 361 acupoints listed by the WHO standards, 359 point locations are as same as China national standard developed by Professor Li. 

    During the past 60 years, Professor Li Ding has made outstanding and irreplaceable contributions to the academic development of acupuncture, and he has published more than 130 original research articles and over 10 books. His academic achievements have influenced and continue to influence acupuncturist generation after generation. Therefore, Professor Li Ding is acknowledged as the great master of acupuncture in China. 

This book contains 3 parts. The first part is the Chapter of the Li Lineage, which briefly reviews the more than 1400 years old history of the Li family and also introduces the Li lineage of TCM.

The second part and third part follows the example of Nanjing, containing 81 topics in total. The second part is the Chapter of TCM Fundamentals, which includes 50 topics. The third part is the Chapter of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion, which includes 31 topics. All the contents of the second and third parts are from my TCM lectures to international students. Some topics originally came from Professor Li Ding’s articles and books, but these are revised and supplemented greatly based on my teaching and clinical experience.    

    This book mainly discusses the difficulties in the TCM fundamentals and clinical acupuncture, for the well-known basic theories, readers can take Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion and other of Professor Li Ding’s books such as Acupuncture: A Comprehensive Text as references.

    I do hope the publication of this book will benefit the advancement of international TCM education.

 

Li Heng

International Acupuncture Training Center

Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China

February 9, 2010 


Author’s royalties will be donated to Le Shan Fang Charity Fund

 

The Li Lineage of Acupuncture and TCM

Table of Contents

 

Part Chapter of the Li Lineage

1.     The Li Family History and Tradition

1.1 Family History

1.2   Family of Traditional Chinese Medicine

1.3   Family Tradition  

2.  Mr. Li Chengzhi—a Taoism Scholar

2.1 Dedicated and Scarified Taoism Life

2.2 Taoism and Traditional Chinese Medicine

2.3 Taoism and Life Nurturing (Yang Sheng)

2.4 Qigong and the Eight Extraordinary Meridians

3.  Prof. Li Ding—a Foremost Authority on Acupuncture

3.1 Distinguished China National and International Textbooks

3.2 Establishment of China National Standard ‘Location of Points’

3.3 Famous Acupuncture Dictionaries and Books

3.4 Breakthrough of Acupuncture Education

3.5 Great Master on Classical Acupuncture and Moxibustion

3.6 Outstanding Poet and Calligrapher

 

Part Chapter of TCM Fundamentals

Chapter 1 the Theory of Yin and Yang

1.     Origin of Yin-Yang Theory

2.     Extensions of Yin-Yang Attributes

3.     About ‘the Left Is Yang and the Right Is Yin’

4.     How Night Sweats Relate to Yin and yang

5.     About the ‘One (produced two), Two (produced three), Three (produced all things)’—Taiji, Yin-Yang and the Principles of ‘Heave, Earth and Human’

 

Chapter 2 the Theory of Five Elements

1.     Origin of the Five-Element Theory

2.     The Five Categories of Things According to the Five Elements

3.     Treatment Methods Based on Mutual Generation Among the Five Elements

4.     Treatment Methods Based on Restraints Among the Five Elements

5.     TCM Psychotherapy Based on Restrains Among the Five Elements

6.     Five-Element Personalities and Five-Yin/Yang Personalities

7.     Four Elements, Four Great Elements and Five Elements

8.     Five Elements and Eight Trigrams (Bagua)

 

Chapter 3 the Theory of Qi, Blood and Body Fluids

1.     Basic Concept of Qi

2.     Categorization of Qi in the Human Body

3.     Differences between Jin and Ye

4.     Metabolism of Body Fluids

 

Chapter 4 the Theory of Zang-Fu Organs

1.     The Zang-Fu Organ Theory and Black Box Theory

2.     The Nature of the Spleen in Traditional Chinese Medicine

3.     The Internal Kidney and External Kidney

4.     The Liver and Reproductive Function

5.     About the Liver: A Yin Organ but Yang in Function

6.     About the Attribute of Gallbladder

7.     Overall Functional Regulations of the Five-Zang Organs

8.     About Qi, Blood, Yin and Yang of the Five-Zang Organs

 

Chapter 5 the Theory of Meridians and Collaterals

1.      Yin-Yang Distribution and Correspondence between Zang-Fu Organs and Meridians

2.      The Twelve Divergent Meridians and Twelve Collaterals

3.      The Collateral of the (Foot-Taiyin) Spleen Meridian

4.      The Twelve Muscle Regions

5.      The Twelve Cutaneous Regions

6.      Indications of the Six Yang Meridians

7.      Distributions of the (Foot-Yangming) Stomach and (Foot-Shaoyin) Kidney Meridians

8.      The ‘Heart System’ and ‘Eye System’

9.      The Du Meridian (aka Governor Vessel)

10.   The Circulating Direction of Ying-nutrients Qi in Ren (aka Conception Vessel)/Du Meridians

11.   Alternative Names of Chong Meridian

12.   Relationships among Yin/Yang Qiao Meridians, Wei-Defensive Qi and Sleep

13.   Illustrated Meridian Pathways—Pathway of Gallbladder Meridian

14.   About the Use of ‘Cun

15.   About the China National Standard for Location of Points

 

Chapter 6 Etiology and Pathomechanism

1.     Categories of Etiologies in Traditional Chinese Medicine

2.     Differences and Connections between External Cold and Internal Cold

3.     Differences and Connections between External Dampness and Internal Dampness

4.     Differences and Connections between External Dryness and Internal Dryness

5.     Differences and Connections between External Fire and Internal Fire

6.     Differences and Connections among Water, Dampness, Phlegm and Fluid-Retention

7.     Transformation between Deficiency and Excess

8.     Mutual Rejection between Yin and Yang

 

Chapter 7 Life Nurturing and Principle of Treatment

1.     Principles and Methods of Life Nurturing in Traditional Chinese Medicine

2.     Principle of Treatment


Part Chapter of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion

Chapter 1 Point Selection in Clinical Practice

1.     Application of the Five-Shu Points

2.     Application of the Yuan-Primary Points

3.     Application of the Back-Shu Points

4.     Application of the Front-Mu Points

5.     Application of the Xi-Cleft Points

6.     Application of the Eight Influential Points

7.     Application of the Eight Confluent (with the Eight Extraordinary Meridians) Points

8.     Neiguan (PC 6) and Gongsun (SP 4) Connect at ‘Heart, Chest and Stomach’

9.     Application of the Crossing Points

10.   The Rhymes of 'Four Command Points' and ‘Eight Command Points’

11.   Therapeutic Actions of Zusanli (ST 36)

12.   Therapeutic Actions of Hegu (LI 4)

13.   Therapeutic Actions of Lieque (LU 7)

14.   Emergency Use of Shuigou (GV 26)

15.   Application of Gaohuangshu (BL 43)

16.   Application of Mingmen (GV 4)

17.   Similarities and Differences of Fengchi (GB 20), Fengfu (GV 16) and Fengmen (BL 12) in Therapeutic Actions

18.   Similarities and Differences between Geshu (BL 17) and Xuehai (SP 10) in Indications

19.   Similarities and Differences between Taixi (KI 3) and Fuliu (KI 7) in Indications

20.   Distal Points for Acute Lumbar Sprain

21.   Application of Biao, Ben, Gen and Jie

 

Chapter 2 Needling Practice

1.     Essential Principle of Treatment—‘Regulating Qi and Tranquilizing the Mind’

2.     About De Qi (Arrival of qi, needling sensations)

3.     Objective Basis for Needling Depth

4.     San Cai in Acupuncture (The Three Layers of Needling Depth)

5.     Integration and Application of Reinforcing and Reducing Manipulations

6.     The ‘Burning Mountain Fire’ and ‘Penetrating Heaven Cooling’ Manipulations

7.     The Acupuncture Methods of ‘Dragon, Tiger, Tortoise and Phoenix’

8.     The Midnight-Noon Ebb-Flow (Zi Wu Liu Zhu) Acupuncture Method

9.     Application of Needling Methods Recorded in the Inner Classic (Nei Jing)

10.   Application of ‘Mother-Son Reinforcing-Reducing Manipulation’

Annexes

Annex 1: The 50 Most Useful Points for an Acupuncturist

Annex 2: Innervations of Acupuncture Points




 
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